Please scroll down for an example abstract


All congress oral and poster presentations must be submitted on the website as extended abstracts of approximately 400 words.


Use: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, References, Keywords (and Acknowledgements if necessary) as headings.



MS PowerPoint 2013 is to be used exclusively with no provision made for slides or overheads. Avoid the use of videos within the presentation. Employer and sponsors logos are to be as small as possible and should preferably be shown only on the first slide. Slide headings should be 40 point with 28 and 20 point for major and minor subheadings respectively.



Presentations will be 15 minutes with 5 minutes for discussion. The session chair will manage presentation time strictly using green, orange and red warning lights.


Presentations should be stored on flash drives and preferably be downloaded at registration on the Monday before the congress starts. Presentations can also be downloaded at the different venues at least fifteen minutes before the session commences. If not you will need to present without the need.

Voorskrifte vir Uittreksels en Aanbiedings



Alle kongresreferate- en plakkaataanbiedings moet ingedien word op die webblad as verlengde opsommings/uittreksels van ongeveer 400 woorde.


Gebruik: Inleiding, Materiaal en Metodes, Resultate en Bespreking, Samevatting, Verwysings, Sleutelwoorde (en Bedankings indien nodig), as opskrifte.



MS PowerPoint 2013 word eksklusief gebruik en geen voorsiening word vir skyfies of oorhoofse projektors gemaak nie. Vermy die gebruik van video’s in die aanbieding. Werkgewer- en borglogo’s moet so klein as moontlik wees en moet verkieslik net op die eerste skyfie aangebring word. Skyfie-opskrifte moet in 40 punt wees met 28 en 20 punt vir hoof- en subopskrifte onderskeidelik.


Aanbiedings is 15 minute met 5 minute besprekings tyd. Die sessievoorsitters sal die aanbiedingstyd streng bestuur met groen, oranje en rooi waarskuwingsligte.


Aanbiedings kan op datavingers (‘flash drives’) gestoor word om afgelaai te word tydens registrasie op die Maandag voor die aanvang van die kongres. Aanbiedings kan ook ten minste vyftien minute voor die aanvang van die sessie by die verskillende lesinglokale afgelaai word. Indien nie sal u daarsonder moet klaarkom.




Orientation must be A0 Portrait only (841 × 1189 mm). Posters are not intended as commercial sites and thus must be of a scientific nature with use of commercial logos kept to a minimum.


Copies of the poster (A4 format) are allowed as handouts but distribution of commercial promotional material is discouraged. Material to affix posters to the poster display boards will be provided at registration.


Use 96 point Arial Bold for the title of the poster and 72 point Arial for authors and affiliations. Use Capital letters for the Title. Begin authors on a separate line from the title with their affiliations a line below that. Underline the name of the person presenting the poster. Centre the Title, Authors and affiliations.


Use 30 to 36 point Arial Bold capitals for section headings. Use 24 to 30 point Arial for regular text. Review the readability of your poster by using a viewing distance of approximately 1.8 m. Do not try to cramp to much text and information into your poster. The poster should contain headings similar to those used in the extended abstract: Summary, Introduction, Objectives, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, References.





Oriëntasie moet in A0 regop (‘Portrait’) wees (841 × 1189 mm). Plakkate is nie bedoel as kommersiële platvorms nie en moet dus van ’n wetenskaplike aard wees, met die gebruik van kommersiële logo’s beperk tot ’n minimum.


Die uithandiging van kopieë van die plakkate (A4 formaat) word toegelaat, maar die verspreiding van kommersiële bemarkingsmateriaal word ontmoedig. Materiaal om plakkate aan die uitstalborde vas te heg sal by registrasie voorsien word.


Gebruik 96 punt Arial Vetgedruk vir die titel van die plakkaat en 72 punt Arial vir die outeurs en affiliasies. Gebruik hoofletters vir die Titel. Begin outeursname op ’n volgende reël, met die affiliasie op ’n reël onder dit. Onderstreep die naam van die persoon wat die plakkaat aanbied. Sentreer die teks wat die Titel, Outeurs en affiliasies inligting bevat.


Gebruik 30 tot 36 punt Arial vetgedrukte hoofletters vir opskrifte. Gebruik 24 tot 30 punt Arial vir gewone teks. Hersien die leesbaarheid van u plakkaat deur te verseker dat die sigafstand ongeveer 1.8 m is. Moenie te veel teks en inligting op die plakkaat probeer inpas nie. Die plakkaat opskrifte: Opsomming, Inleiding, Doelwitte, Materiaal en Metodes, Resultate en Bespreking, Verwysings.




Van Huyssteen, C.W. and Ceronio, G.


University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300





This is an example of the formatting for the extended abstract.  Extended abstracts should not exceed one A4 page.  Use 2.54 cm margins and single line spacing throughout.  All text, except the title is in Arial 11 point.  The title should be in 14 point bold and capitals. Leave one line open (11 point).  Follow the Title on the next line by authors’ initials and surnames and on the next line by affiliations (Institution and Postal address) and contact details (e-mail address).  The title, authors, affiliation, and contact details should be centred.



Use: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, References, Keywords (and Acknowledgements if necessary) as headings. All headings should be in 11 point bold capitals. Subheadings should be Arial 11 point bold with the first letter in capitals.  The rest of the manuscript must be in Arial 11 point.  Paragraph text should be justified.



This section should briefly discuss the methods followed, to allow the reader insight into the origin and validity of the data.



This section should be the focus of your paper.  Here you should present and discuss your data.  Focus on the interpretation and validity thereof an also on situations where it might not be applicable.  Figures and Tables are allowed, provided that one page is not exceeded.  Follow the instructions of the South Africa Journal of Plant and Soil in this regard.



The aim of the instructions is to ensure uniform Conference Proceedings and to minimise editing.  The assistance of each author in this regard is highly appreciated.



References should be listed in chronological order. Acknowledgements are reserved for sources of funding and appropriate help. Use the formatting of the South Africa Journal of Plant and Soil, available at



Use a maximum of six keywords, in alphabetical order, separated with a comma.